Umberto Galderisi

Professor of Molecular Biology

Name Umberto
Surname Galderisi
Institution Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli
Telephone +39 081 566 75 85
Address Dept. of Experimental Medicine, Via Luigi De Crecchio 7 – 80138 Napoli, Italy
Umberto Galderisi


  • Molecular analysis of arterial stenosis in rat carotids.

    Publication Date: 01/02/2001 on Journal of cellular physiology
    by Forte A, Di Micco G, Galderisi U, Guarino FM, Cipollaro M, De Feo M, Gregorio R, Bianco MR, Vollono C, Esposito F, Berrino L, Angelini F, Renzulli A, Cotrufo M, Rossi F, Cascino A
    DOI: 10.1002/1097-4652(200002)186:2<307::AID-JCP1029>3.0.CO;2-I

    A new model of surgical injury for the induction and development of stenosis in common rat carotids is described. This model differs from balloon angioplasty or vein graft systems currently applied on animals to develop stenosis, since it involves the entire vessel wall layers and mimics the injury occurring during arterial grafts, endarterectomy or organ transplantation. At different times following arterial damage, the pattern of expression of genes already known to be involved in the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of smooth muscle cells (c-myc, Angiotensin II receptor 1, Bcl-2 and Bax alpha), as well as of Rb and Rb2 genes, whose pattern of expression after arterial injury has not yet been reported, was analyzed by semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction technique. Histological and histochemical analysis on carotid sections shows the morphological changes which occurred 30 days after surgical injury in the vessel wall. Molecular and histological data demonstrate that this model of surgical injury induces neointimal proliferation in about 30% of rats. In about 70% of the remaining rats, it induces the processes responsible for negative remodelling, namely the significant accumulation of extracellular matrix and fibers and disorganization of arterial tunics. This model is therefore available for further studies on the expression of genes involved in the arterial stenotic process, as well as for testing drugs aimed at limiting this recurrent pathophysiological phenomenon.

  • Increased expression of IGF-binding protein-5 in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) fibroblasts correlates with the fibroblast-induced downregulation of DMD myoblast growth: an in vitro analysis.

    Publication Date: 01/10/2000 on Journal of cellular physiology
    by Melone MA, Peluso G, Galderisi U, Petillo O, Cotrufo R
    DOI: 10.1002/1097-4652(200010)185:1<143::AID-JCP14>3.0.CO;2-U

    In DMD the progressive loss of muscle ability and concomitant increasing fibrosis might originate from, besides other causes, the fibroblast paracrine inhibition of satellite cell "growth." In this study we report that in myoblast/fibroblast coculture experiments, the presence of DMD fibroblasts negatively interfered with DMD myoblast growth to an extent directly proportional to the percentage of DMD fibroblasts present in the mixed-cell cultures. Moreover, the observation that media conditioned with proliferating DMD fibroblasts inhibited the growth of DMD myoblasts more seriously than did control fibroblast-conditioned media suggested a paracrine effect by diffusible factors. IGF-binding proteins could act as such diffusible factors; in fact, IGFBP-5 transcript increased threefold in DMD fibroblasts proliferating in DMD muscle extracts, whereas IGFBP-3 mRNA decreased. In addition, high levels of IGFBP-5 protein were detected in DMD fibroblast-conditioned media. In neutralizing IGFBP-5 in DMD fibroblast-conditioned media by means of specific antibodies, or inhibiting IGFBP-5 gene expression in DMD fibroblasts by means of oligo antisense, the fibroblast-conditioned media lost inhibitory power over DMD myoblast proliferation.

  • In vivo effects of partial phosphorothioated AT1 receptor antisense oligonucleotides in spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats.

    Publication Date: 14/04/2000 on Life sciences
    by Piegari E, Galderisi U, Berrino L, Di Bernardo G, Cipollaro M, Esposito F, Rossi F, Cascino A

    Partial phosphorothioate (PS) antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) targeted against rat AT1 receptor mRNA have been used to control blood pressure in normotensive (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats. Molecules were injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v., right lateral ventricle) in freely moving animals. The antisense ODN lowered the mean arterial pressure (MAP) 24 hours (-43 mmHg+/-10) and 48 hours (-30 mmHg+/-13) after injection, while the control ODN molecule had no significant effects. The observed decrease of blood pressure was due to a specific inhibition of AT1 receptor gene expression, since the level of its mRNA, monitored by reverse transcription (RT)- polymerase chain reaction (PCR), was significantly reduced by antisense molecule (-40%), compared to sense one. In normotensive rats no effect on MAP have been observed, while AT1 receptor gene expression is reduced (-40%) by antisense treatment. It is known that SHRs have an enhanced basal activity of the central renin-angiotensin system that induces an increase in central sympathetic outflow. Instead in WKY rats the central sympathetic outflow is not conditioned by the enhanced activity of brain renin-angiotensin system. Therefore in normotensive rats although partial PS ODN reduces the AT1 mRNA level this will not result in a modification of the sympathetic outflow and no change in MAP level would be observed.

  • Defective growth in vitro of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy myoblasts: the molecular and biochemical basis.

    Publication Date: 01/11/1999 on Journal of cellular biochemistry
    by Melone MA, Peluso G, Petillo O, Galderisi U, Cotrufo R

    As the molecular basis of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) was being discovered, increasing focus was placed on the mechanisms of progressive failure of myoregeneration. In this study, we propose a pathogenesis model for DMD, where an autocrine growth factor release of TGF-beta1-from necrotic myofibers-could contribute to the increasing loss of muscle regeneration. In fact, we report evidence that DMD myoblasts reduce their proliferation rate, in time and later cultures; in connection with this, we observed TGF-beta1 increase in conditioned media of DMD myoblasts, able to control the myoblast growth by reducing fusion and differentiation of DMD satellite cells.

  • Histological analysis and ancient DNA amplification of human bone remains found in caius iulius polybius house in pompeii.

    Publication Date: 01/09/1999 on Croatian medical journal
    by Cipollaro M, Di Bernado G, Forte A, Galano G, De Masi L, Galderisi U, Guarino FM, Angelini F, Cascino A

    Thirteen skeletons found in the Caius Iulius Polybius house, which has been the object of intensive study since its discovery in Pompeii 250 years ago, have provided an opportunity to study either bone diagenesis by histological investigation or ancient DNA by polymerase chain reaction analysis. DNA analysis was done by amplifying both X- and Y-chromosomes amelogenin loci and Y-specific alphoid repeat locus. The von Willebrand factor (vWF) microsatellite locus on chromosome 12 was also analyzed for personal identification in two individuals showing alleles with 10/11 and 12/12 TCTA repeats, respectively. Technical problems were the scarcity of DNA content from osteocytes, DNA molecule fragmentation, microbial contamination which change bone structure, contaminating human DNA which results from mishandling, and frequent presence of Taq DNA polymerase inhibiting molecules like polyphenols and heavy metals. The results suggest that the remains contain endogenous human DNA that can be amplified and analyzed. The amplifiability of DNA corresponds to the bone preservation and dynamics of the burial conditions subsequent to the 79 A.D. eruption.

  • Induction of apoptosis and differentiation in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells by the overexpression of Bin1, a novel Myc interacting protein.

    Publication Date: 01/09/1999 on Journal of cellular biochemistry
    by Galderisi U, Di Bernardo G, Cipollaro M, Jori FP, Piegari E, Cascino A, Peluso G, Melone MA

    Bin1 is a novel protein that specifically binds Myc and inhibits, at least in part, Myc transactivation. Bin1 seems to play a role in cell cycle control, acting as a tumor suppressor gene. Since MYC family genes play a regulatory role in the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of the nervous system, we studied the effects of the overexpression of the Myc-interacting protein, Bin1, in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cell lines, which were chosen as neural cell system models. The major effects of BIN1 overexpression observed in undifferentiated neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells were a significant reduction of cell growth, an increase in the G(0)/G(1) cell population and the induction of apoptosis. The trigger of programmed cell death by Bin1 is described for the first time. Bin1 overexpression in undifferentiated cells did not induce any maturation process as neither neuronal nor astrocyte differentiation markers were upregulated in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells, respectively. On the other side, the effects of Bin1 overproduction in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells committed towards neuronal and astrocyte differentiation, respectively, were different from those observed in undifferentiated cells. Although we did not evidence any triggering of programmed cell death, we did notice a further induction towards more differentiated phenotypes. Our studies suggest that Bin1 overexpression in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells can result in one of the following pathways: (1) suppressed cell proliferation, (2) induced differentiation, or (3) apoptosis. Thus, it appears that Bin1 operates through different pathways that involve activation of different genes: the chosen pathway however will depend on the proliferating or differentiated state of the cell.

  • Antisense inhibitory effect: a comparison between 3'-partial and full phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotides.

    Publication Date: 01/07/1999 on Journal of cellular biochemistry
    by Galderisi U, Di Bernardo G, Melone MA, Galano G, Cascino A, Giordano A, Cipollaro M

    Phosphorothioate (PS) antisense oligonucleotides are currently used to inhibit many cell functions both in vivo and in vitro. However, these modified oligos provide reasonable sequence specificity only within a narrow concentration range. To overcome such a limitation we synthesized antisense oligomers, partially phosphorothioated, targeted against the human N-myc mRNA. We utilized such modified oligomers in a human neuroblastoma cell line where the N-myc gene expression was very high, and compared them to full phosphorothioate oligonucleotides. Both full PS and partial PS antisense oligos produced a maximum reduction in target mRNA after 6 h of treatment. They were able to maintain a good level of inhibition for 20 h only at high concentration. While partial PS oligos produced a dose dependent and sequence specific inhibition of N-myc mRNA, full PS molecules suffer from some disadvantages at the highest concentration used. Our results showed that partial PS molecules were capable of reducing gene expression showing a greater sequence specificity over a far broader concentration range. For this reason we conclude that partial PS antisense oligos, with respect to full PS antisense oligos, might be particularly useful for studying gene function.

  • Differentiation and apoptosis of neuroblastoma cells: role of N-myc gene product.

    Publication Date: 01/04/1999 on Journal of cellular biochemistry
    by Galderisi U, Di Bernardo G, Cipollaro M, Peluso G, Cascino A, Cotrufo R, Melone MA

    To clarify the role and function of the N-myc product in cell differentiation and apoptosis, we used the antisense oligonucleotide technique to inhibit N-myc gene expression in neuroblastoma cells with different phenotypes: intermediate (I) and neuronal (N), or Schwann-glia (S), respectively. The results suggest that N-myc operates along different pathways. Inhibiting N-myc gene expression either results in suppression of cell proliferation or in induction of differentiation and/or apoptosis.

  • Ancient DNA in human bone remains from Pompeii archaeological site.

    Publication Date: 29/06/1998 on Biochemical and biophysical research communications
    by Cipollaro M, Di Bernardo G, Galano G, Galderisi U, Guarino F, Angelini F, Cascino A
    DOI: 10.1006/bbrc.1998.8881

    aDNA extraction and amplification procedures have been optimized for Pompeian human bone remains whose diagenesis has been determined by histological analysis. Single copy genes amplification (X and Y amelogenin loci and Y specific alphoid repeat sequences) have been performed and compared with anthropometric data on sexing.

  • Antisense oligonucleotides and myotonin gene expression in C2 mouse cells.

    Publication Date: 01/02/1998 on Antisense & nucleic acid drug development
    by Melone MA, Galderisi U, Iacomino G, Cipollaro M, Di Bernardo G, Cotrufo R, Peluso G, Cascino A
    DOI: 10.1089/oli.1.1998.8.25

    By describing the behavior of myotonin mRNA levels, from the quiescent to the differentiated state in C2 mouse myoblasts, we produced evidence bearing on the role of myotonin gene product in the control of cell growth and differentiation. To study the role of myotonin in myotonic dystrophy (DM) pathogenesis, we developed a suitable cellular model where myotonin gene expression was modulated by phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotides in C2 cultured cells. Furthermore, an isoform of the gene product, similar to that described in humans and not yet described in the mouse, was found.