Teresa Esposito

PhD student of Dietology

Name Teresa
Surname Esposito
Institution Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli
E-Mail teresa.esposito@unicampania.it
Address Institute of Genetics and Biophysics "Adriano Buzzati-Traverso"
Teresa Esposito


  • Sequence analysis and androgen regulation of MHG07 (Male harderian gland) mRNA in male hamster harderian gland.

    Publication Date: 01/08/2000 on General and comparative endocrinology
    by Esposito T, Astore E, Dominguez P, Chieffi G, Varriale B
    DOI: 10.1006/gcen.2000.7501

    The hamster Harderian gland (HG), a compound tubuloalveolar gland located in the orbital cavity, displays sex dimorphism. The present study focuses on the sequence analysis of a cDNA clone named MHG07 and on the regulation of its expression by steroid hormones. MHG07 mRNA (5.0 kb) is expressed in male HG only. The MHG07 cDNA (1.74 kb) shows an ORF of 94 amino acids and has no significant homologies with other polypeptides/genes. Castration leads to the disappearance of MHG07 mRNA after 4 days, whereas treatment with testosterone impairs the effect of castration. No MHG07 mRNA has been found in either rat or murine HGs. Androgen (A) administration to female hamsters induces the appearance of MHG07 mRNA. In primary culture of male hamster HG, androgens increase the MHG07 expression and this effect is blocked by both flutamide and cycloheximide. Dose-response experiments show that, at low A concentration (10(-12) M), the MHG07 was higher than that of the control (2-fold). This effect reaches its zenith at 10(-8) M (10-fold). This picture is paralleled by androgen receptor mRNA expression. It is argued that the expression of MHG07 is under androgenic control.

  • The expression of androgen receptor messenger RNA is regulated by tri-iodothyronine in lizard testis.

    Publication Date: 01/03/2000 on The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology
    by Cardone A, Angelini F, Esposito T, Comitato R, Varriale B

    The network of hormonal and non-hormonal signals required for testicular activity during the reproductive cycle of the seasonal breeding lizard, Podarcis sicula, are not yet well understood. Androgens are significantly involved in meiosis and spermiogenesis, and such an effect is mediated through their receptor (AR). Estrogens also affect the testicular activity down-regulating the expression of AR mRNA. Since over the last few years, extensive works have reported, in mammals, a clear influence of tri-iodothyronine (T(3)), the biologically active thyroid hormone, on Sertoli cell activities, we carried out a study to shead light on the effect/s exerted by T(3) in lizard testis. A thyroid hormone receptor mRNA (TR mRNA) has been found in the testis indicating that T(3) might be involved in the regulation of gonadal activity. In in vivo experiments, injection of T(3) to male lizards, captured during the recrudescence period (March) and maintained under experimental photothermal conditions (24 degrees C and 15 h daylight), increased the expression of AR mRNA. The in vitro results confirmed the stimulatory effect of T(3) on AR mRNA levels. Thus, in testosterone (T) exposed cells, the highest values of AR mRNA were observed in T(3)-primed animals, indicating that T and T(3) increase AR gene transcription independently. The present data suggest that, in lizards, the combined action of androgens, estrogen and T(3) might regulate testicular activity, modulating AR mRNA levels.