on Journal of neurology
by Annovazzi P, Capobianco M, Moiola L, Patti F, Frau J, Uccelli A, Centonze D, Perini P, Tortorella C, Prosperini L, Lus G, Fuiani A, Falcini M, Martinelli V, Comi G, Ghezzi A
Rituximab (RTX) efficacy in NMO is suggested by several case series. No consensus exists on optimal dosing strategies. At present the treatment schedules more frequently used are 375 mg/m2/week iv for 4 weeks (RTX-A) and 1000 mg iv twice, 2 weeks apart (RTX-B). Aim of this study is to confirm RTX efficacy and safety in the treatment of NMO and to evaluate whether a most favourable dosage regimen exists. Data on RTX-treated NMO patients were collected from 13 Italian Hospitals. 73 patients (64 F), were enlisted. RTX-A was administered in 42/73 patients, RTX-B in 31/73. Median follow-up was 27 months (range 7-106). Mean relapse rate in the previous year before RTX start was 2.2 ± 1.3 for RTX-A and 2.3 ± 1.2 for RTX-B. ARR in the first year of treatment was 0.8 ± 0.9 for RTX-A and 0.2 ± 0.4 for RTX-B, in the second year of treatment was 0.9 ± 1.5 for RTX-A and 0.4 ± 0.8 for RTX-B patients (p = 0.001 for the first year, ns (0.09) for the second year). RTX-B was more effective in delaying the occurrence of a relapse (HR 2.2 (95 % IC 1.08-4.53) p = 0.02). Adverse events were described in 19/73 patients (mainly urinary tract and respiratory infections, and infusion reactions). Two deaths were reported in severely disabled patients. Though with the limitations of an observational study, our data support RTX efficacy in NMO and suggest that high dose pulses might be more effective than a more fractioned dose.
on Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
by Patti F, Messina S, Solaro C, Amato MP, Bergamaschi R, Bonavita S, Bruno Bossio R, Brescia Morra V, Costantino GF, Cavalla P, Centonze D, Comi G, Cottone S, Danni M, Francia A, Gajofatto A, Gasperini C, Ghezzi A, Iudice A, Lus G, Maniscalco GT, Marrosu MG, Matta M, Mirabella M, Montanari E, Pozzilli C, Rovaris M, Sessa E, Spitaleri D, Trojano M, Valentino P, Zappia M,
The approval of 9-δ-tetrahydocannabinol and cannabidiol (THC:CBD) oromucosal spray (Sativex) for the management of treatment-resistant multiple sclerosis (MS) spasticity opened a new opportunity for many patients. The aim of our study was to describe Sativex effectiveness and adverse events profile in a large population of Italian patients with MS in the daily practice setting.
on PloS one
by D'Amico E, Leone C, Graziano G, Amato MP, Bergamaschi R, Cavalla P, Coniglio G, Di Battista G, Ferrò MT, Granella F, Granieri E, Lugaresi A, Lus G, Millefiorini E, Pozzilli C, Tedeschi G, Zappia M, Comi G, Trojano M, Lepore V, Patti F
Immunosuppressive agents (ISA) have been used in multiple sclerosis (MS) for decades, frequently as off label licensed therapies. Given the new MS treatment landscape, what place do ISA have in combating MS?
on Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England)
by Signoriello E, Lanzillo R, Brescia Morra V, Di Iorio G, Fratta M, Carotenuto A, Lus G
Natalizumab is an effective therapy in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), as it reduces lymphocyte transmigration through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and induces lymphocytosis.
on European journal of neurology
by Lus G, Signoriello E, Maniscalco GT, Bonavita S, Signoriello S, Gallo C
To investigate the effect of drug withdrawal on the course of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS).
on BMC neurology
by Tedeschi E, Ugga L, Caranci F, Califano F, Cocozza S, Lus G, Brunetti A
Orbital inflammatory pseudotumor is a rare inflammatory condition of unknown cause that may extend intracranially, usually as a dural-based infiltrate. Here we report the first case of orbital pseudotumor presenting with intra-axial Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) changes.
on Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
by Ragno M, Di Marzio F, Fuccio C, Pianese L, Cozzolino V, Carboni T, Cinti A, D'Andreamatteo G, Trojano L, Mignarri A, Gallus GN, Dotti MT
on Brain : a journal of neurology
by Iaffaldano P, Lucisano G, Pozzilli C, Brescia Morra V, Ghezzi A, Millefiorini E, Patti F, Lugaresi A, Zimatore GB, Marrosu MG, Amato MP, Bertolotto A, Bergamaschi R, Granella F, Coniglio G, Tedeschi G, Sola P, Lus G, Ferrò MT, Iuliano G, Corea F, Protti A, Cavalla P, Guareschi A, Rodegher M, Paolicelli D, Tortorella C, Lepore V, Prosperini L, Saccà F, Baroncini D, Comi G, Trojano M,
The comparative effectiveness of fingolimod versus interferon beta/glatiramer acetate was assessed in a multicentre, observational, prospectively acquired cohort study including 613 patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis discontinuing natalizumab in the Italian iMedWeb registry. First, after natalizumab suspension, the relapse risk during the untreated wash-out period and during the course of switch therapies was estimated through Poisson regression analyses in separated models. During the wash-out period an increased risk of relapses was found in patients with a higher number of relapses before natalizumab treatment (incidence rate ratio = 1.31, P = 0.0014) and in patients discontinuing natalizumab due to lack of efficacy (incidence rate ratio = 2.33, P = 0.0288), patient's choice (incidence rate ratio = 2.18, P = 0.0064) and adverse events (incidence rate ratio = 2.09, P = 0.0084). The strongest independent factors influencing the relapse risk after the start of switch therapies were a wash-out duration longer than 3 months (incidence rate ratio = 1.78, P < 0.0001), the number of relapses experienced during and before natalizumab treatment (incidence rate ratio = 1.61, P < 0.0001; incidence rate ratio = 1.13, P = 0.0118, respectively) and the presence of comorbidities (incidence rate ratio = 1.4, P = 0.0097). Switching to fingolimod was associated with a 64% reduction of the adjusted-risk for relapse in comparison with switching to interferon beta/glatiramer acetate (incidence rate ratio = 0.36, P < 0.0001). Secondly, patients who switched to fingolimod or to interferon beta/glatiramer acetate were propensity score-matched on a 1-to-1 basis at the switching date. In the propensity score-matched sample a Poisson model showed a significant lower incidence of relapses in patients treated with fingolimod in comparison with those treated with interferon beta/glatiramer acetate (incidence rate ratio = 0.52, P = 0.0003) during a 12-month follow-up. The cumulative probability of a first relapse after the treatment switch was significantly lower in patients receiving fingolimod than in those receiving interferon beta/glatiramer acetate (P = 0.028). The robustness of this result was also confirmed by sensitivity analyses in subgroups with different wash-out durations (less or more than 3 months). Time to 3-month confirmed disability progression was not significantly different between the two groups (Hazard ratio = 0.58; P = 0.1931). Our results indicate a superiority of fingolimod in comparison to interferon beta/glatiramer acetate in controlling disease reactivation after natalizumab discontinuation in the real life setting.
on World journal of gastroenterology
by Adinolfi LE, Nevola R, Lus G, Restivo L, Guerrera B, Romano C, Zampino R, Rinaldi L, Sellitto A, Giordano M, Marrone A
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is considered a systemic disease because of involvement of other organs and tissues concomitantly with liver disease. Among the extrahepatic manifestations, neuropsychiatric disorders have been reported in up to 50% of chronic HCV infected patients. Both the central and peripheral nervous system may be involved with a wide variety of clinical manifestations. Main HCV-associated neurological conditions include cerebrovascular events, encephalopathy, myelitis, encephalomyelitis, and cognitive impairment, whereas "brain fog", depression, anxiety, and fatigue are at the top of the list of psychiatric disorders. Moreover, HCV infection is known to cause both motor and sensory peripheral neuropathy in the context of mixed cryoglobulinemia, and has also been recently recognized as an independent risk factor for stroke. These extrahepatic manifestations are independent of severity of the underlying chronic liver disease and hepatic encephalopathy. The brain is a suitable site for HCV replication, where the virus may directly exert neurotoxicity; other mechanisms proposed to explain the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders in chronic HCV infection include derangement of metabolic pathways of infected cells, alterations in neurotransmitter circuits, autoimmune disorders, and cerebral or systemic inflammation. A pathogenic role for HCV is also suggested by improvement of neurological and psychiatric symptoms in patients achieving a sustained virologic response following interferon treatment; however, further ad hoc trials are needed to fully assess the impact of HCV infection and specific antiviral treatments on associated neuropsychiatric disorders.
on Acta neurologica Scandinavica
by Signoriello E, Sagliocchi A, Fratta M, Lus G
Sjogren syndrome (SS) is a common autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands with neurological involvement in about 20% of patients. The neurological manifestations in the central nervous system CNS may vary and include a multiple sclerosis (MS)-like disease, and the treatments with immunosuppressive drugs have been undertaken.