on Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
by Piscopo G, Cipresso C, Rea D, Esposito E, Capasso I, Tocchetti CG, Arra C, Coppola C
169 Background: ErbB2 is overexpressed in about 25% of breast cancers; in the heart, it modulates myocardial development and function. Trastuzumab (T), an anti-ErbB2 inhibitor, has improved the prognosis of patients with breast cancer, but is related to an increased risk of asymptomatic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (3-34%) and heart failure (2-4%). Conventional measures of ventricular function, such as fractional shortening (FS) and ejection fraction (FE) are insensitive in detecting early cardiomyopathy induced by antineoplastic therapy. Here, we aim at assessing whether myocardial strain by 2D-speckle tracking (ST) is able to identify early LV dysfunction in mice treated with doxorubicin (D) and T, alone or in combination (D+T) and to relate data of cardiac function with tissue alterations.
on European journal of heart failure
by Tocchetti CG, Gallucci G, Coppola C, Piscopo G, Cipresso C, Maurea C, Giudice A, Iaffaioli RV, Arra C, Maurea N
Left ventricular dysfunction from anticancer drugs has emerged as a relevant problem in the clinical and scientific communities. Anthracycline toxicity has always been the most relevant, but with the increasing use of biological targeted therapies in treatment protocols, with an increasing number of cancer survivors, new toxicities have been increasing in more recent years. Cardiomyopathy after ErbB2 inhibitors has been intensively studied. Another important class of biological anticancer drugs are vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors. VEGF signalling is crucial for vascular growth, but it also has a major impact on myocardial function. Also, it is important to note that such angiogenesis inhibitors are multitargeted in most cases, and can produce a broad spectrum of cardiovascular side effects. Here we review the mechanisms and pathophysiology of the most significant cardiotoxic effects of antiangiogenic drugs, and particular attention is drawn to LV dysfunction, discussing the assessment and management on the basis of the most recent cardio-oncological findings and heart failure guidelines.
on European journal of radiology
by Elefante A, Puoti G, Senese R, Coppola C, Russo C, Tortora F, de Divitiis O, Brunetti A
Acute Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a severe neurological disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, most commonly found in chronic alcoholics. It is not so easy to suspect acute WE when the clinical picture does not include all the typical symptoms and alcohol abuse is not reported. Three rare cases of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) in non-alcoholic patients are reported.
on Carbohydrate research
by Montesarchio D, Coppola C, Boccalon M, Tecilla P
In this work, carbohydrate-based systems designed as artificial ion transporters have been surveyed. Despite the large structural diversity and ease of manipulations of carbohydrates, in principle endowed with a variety of desirable properties for ionophoric activity, only few examples of sugar-containing compounds have been reported in the literature for these purposes. The most remarkable example is the family of modified β-cyclodextrins, resulting in active cation and/or anion transporters when long, flexible n-alkyl or oligo-ethylene or butylene glycol chains are appended at the lower rim of the macrocycle. Interesting features have been also found in amphiphilic CyPLOS (Cyclic Phosphate-Linked Oligosaccharide) dimers, that is macrocycles with two phenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside residues, 4,6-linked through phosphodiester bonds, derivatized with tetraethylene glycol tentacles. A wider repertoire of available carbohydrate-based scaffolds is expected to largely stimulate the discovery of novel, efficient artificial ionophores, of great interest for both technological and biomedical applications.
on Breast cancer research and treatment
by Fedele C, Riccio G, Coppola C, Barbieri A, Monti MG, Arra C, Tocchetti CG, D'Alessio G, Maurea N, De Lorenzo C
Two novel human antitumor immunoconjugates, made up of a human anti-ErbB2 scFv, Erbicin, fused with either a human RNase or the Fc region of a human IgG1, are selectively cytotoxic for ErbB2-positive cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The Erbicin-derived immunoagents (EDIA) target an epitope different from that of trastuzumab, the only humanized antibody currently prescribed for treatment of ErbB2-positive breast cancer (BC). As Trastuzumab has shown cardiotoxic effects, in this study, we evaluated if any side effects were exerted also by EDIA, used as single agents or in combination with anthracyclines. Furthermore, we compared the in vitro and in vivo cardiotoxic effects of EDIA with those of the other available anti-ErbB2 drugs: Trastuzumab, 2C4 (Pertuzumab), and Lapatinib. In this article, we show that EDIA, in contrast with Trastuzumab, 2C4, and Lapatinib, have no toxic effects on human fetal cardiomyocytes in vitro, and do not induce additive toxicity when combined with doxorubicin. Furthermore, EDIA do not impair cardiac function in vivo in mice, as evaluated by Color Doppler echocardiography, whereas Trastuzumab significantly reduces radial strain (RS) at day 2 and fractional shortening (FS) at day 7 of treatment in a fashion similar to doxorubicin. Also 2C4 and Lapatinib significantly reduce RS after only 2 days of treatment, even though they showed cardiotoxic effects less pronounced than those of Trastuzumab. These results strongly indicate that RS could become a reliable marker to detect early cardiac dysfunction and that EDIA could fulfill the therapeutic need of patients ineligible to Trastuzumab treatment because of cardiac dysfunction.
on European journal of heart failure
by Tocchetti CG, Ragone G, Coppola C, Rea D, Piscopo G, Scala S, De Lorenzo C, Iaffaioli RV, Arra C, Maurea N
The antibody trastuzumab, targeted to inhibit the signalling of ErbB2, a tyrosine kinase receptor overexpressed in 20-30% of breast cancers, improves the prognosis in women affected by this tumour, but produces cardiotoxicity, since ErbB2 is also involved in myocardial homeostasis. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology of trastuzumab cardiomyopathy and the complex interplay between ErbB2 inhibition and anthracyclines, and we focus on the actual challenges of detecting, monitoring, and managing trastuzumab cardiotoxicity: the research of new, sensitive markers of early trastuzumab toxicity, before the ejection fraction is reduced, is an active field of research.
on Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology
by Coppola C, Rossi G, Barbarulo AM, Di Fede G, Foglia C, Piccoli E, Piscosquito G, Saracino D, Tagliavini F, Cotrufo R
Cortico-basal syndrome (CBS) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterised by movement and cognitive disorders. It occurs along the spectrum of fronto-temporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), which also includes fronto-temporal dementia (FTD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). FTLD has recently been shown to be associated with mutations in GRN gene, coding for progranulin, a multifunctional secreted glycoprotein involved in cell cycle, inflammation and tissue repair. We describe the case of a 73-year-old man suffering from CBS with a family history of cognitive disorders belonging to the clinical spectrum of FTLD. Sequencing analysis of GRN in this patient revealed that the C157KfsX97 null mutation has been already described by Le Ber et al. in a French patient affected by an apparently sporadic form of FTD. This report confirms the variability of clinical phenotypes associated with the same mutation and emphasises the importance of genetic analysis in cases with a clear familiarity, as well as in apparently sporadic forms.
on Journal of the American College of Cardiology
by Tocchetti CG, Coppola C, Arra C, Maurea N
on Anticancer research
by Giorgio A, Di Sarno A, De Stefano G, Scognamiglio U, Farella N, Mariniello A, Esposito V, Coppola C, Giorgio V
To compare 5-year survival of patients with a single hepatocellular carcinoma≤3 cm randomly assigned to receive percutaneous ethanol injection or radiofrequency ablation.
on Journal of colloid and interface science
by Mangiapia G, Coppola C, Vitiello G, D'Errico G, De Napoli L, Radulescu A, Montesarchio D, Paduano L
Ionophores are an important class of synthetic molecules which mimic natural ion channels or carriers. Here we report the aggregation behavior in pseudo-physiological environment of three Cyclic Phosphate-Linked Oligosaccharides (CyPLOS) derivatives, synthetic ion transporters based on cyclic, phosphate-linked disaccharide skeleton differing for the nature of the tails (tetraethylene-TEG glycol and/or n-undecyl chains) attached to the C-2 and C-3 of the constitutive monosaccharides. Their aggregation behavior has been studied by a combined use of dynamic light scattering (DLS), electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) and Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS). DLS measurements were performed to reveal the formation and size distribution of the CyPLOS aggregates. EPR measurements, by using 5-doxyl stearic acid (5-DSA) as spin-probe, showed that the aggregates are mainly due to the formation of double layers and allowed to analyze the local fluidity. Finally, SANS measurements allowed estimating the layer thickness of the double layers. Our results indicate that the three CyPLOS analogs show self-aggregation properties that depend on the different nature of the inserted tails.